The observed clinical benefits during six weeks of treatment with a veterinary diet in canine arthritis.
Today, research suggests that it is possible to adopt a dietary solution with regard to canine arthritis. Studies by the Waltham Research Center show an improvement in clinical symptoms after 6 weeks of treatment with a veterinary diet.
1) Epidemiology of canine arthritis
In dogs, the most common joint disorder is arthritis, an evolutionary condition characterized by the degeneration of articular cartilage and the formation of osteophytes. Structural damage due to canine osteoarthritis may be present before the onset of clinical symptoms.
20% of dogs older than one year suffer from joint disorders. More than 95% of cases occur in dogs 5 years or older. Lameness is a frequent cause of consultation with the veterinarian.
Clinical symptoms of canine arthritis
Common symptoms of arthritis are persistent limp, stiffness upon awakening, difficulty getting up, and chronic pain. Lameness, due to the combination of joint pain and reduced range of motion, may develop gradually or appear suddenly following minor trauma or excessive exercise.
There may also be a loss of appetite and changes in behavior, such as that the dog stops barking. The owner rarely interprets these symptoms as signs of pain.
Risk Factors in Canine Arthritis
– Age: More than half of the cases of arthritis occur in dogs between 8 and 13 years of age.
– Size: 45% of dogs suffering from arthritis or are of large breeds more than half belong to giant breeds. 28% are medium-sized dogs. 27% are small dogs.
– Obesity: Causes overload in the joints.
– Osteoarticular trauma: Joint surgery (knee ligament-plastic, for example) stimulates the appearance of arthritis. Intense activity Especially during growth.
– Genetic predisposition to canine arthritis: Labrador retriever, German shepherd, etc.
2) Traditional approach in the treatment of canine arthritis
Maintaining an optimal body weight is vital for the prevention of joint conditions and may lead to the disappearance of some lamenesses.
During growth, overfeeding should be avoided to prevent further occurrence of joint damage.
Personalized Training Program / Physical Therapy
A moderate regular exercise program helps maintain joint mobility and prevent joint ankylosis.
Prescription of anti-inflammatory drugs in canine arthritis
Non- steroidal anti- inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) are the drugs most commonly used in animals suffering from arthritis. They are effective in reducing inflammation and relieving pain quickly. Long-term use of NSAIDs requires veterinary follow-up.
Use Chondroprotective like Chondropaw in canine arthritis
Most chondroprotective contain glycosaminoglycans and the treatment is weekly like Chondropaw. The duration of this treatment and its high cost make it unsuitable for long-term application.
3) The new nutritional approach in the treatment of canine arthritis
In both human and veterinary medicine, a number of dietary supplements are used in the treatment of arthritis; These include chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine chloride, antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids (EPA / DHA) (Anderson, 1999; Vaughan-Scott 1997).
4) Clinical studies on canine arthritis
A veterinarian performed the clinical assessment of the symptoms of arthritis at week 0 and week 6. All parameters were measured on a scale from 0 (asymptomatic) to 4 (severe). The mobility of each dog (mean of the individual measurement for lameness when walking, trotting and climbing stairs) was evaluated and the joints of each member (carpal, elbow, and shoulder or tarsus, knee and hip) were evaluated individually for See the degree of pain, inflammation, crepitation and reduction of the amplitude of the movements. The total arthritis measurement was obtained by summing the different mobility measures and the individual joint measurements of each dog.
Dietary factors can affect some inflammatory processes related to canine arthritis. They can stimulate cartilage repair and protect joints from oxidative stress. When it is effective, the diet and great supplement like Chondropaw can be combined with conventional drugs.