My puppy is already at home! then Legal issues and Veterinary

Despite the joy of the moment we should not make us forget all the legal steps that we have to follow to be able to have a companion animal at home. In addition to buying everything that our puppy needs (crib, trough, leash, brushes and food, among other things), we will have to carry out a series of administrative procedures necessary for the correct identification of our little friend.

Veterinary visit

The first one, and one of the most important, is to go to the vet to value our puppy. This professional will perform a general examination to determine his health and will provide us with a health document that we will have to take when we go to the City Hall. Not all veterinarians carry out identifications, so it is important that we inform ourselves in the consistory of those veterinary clinics that carry out such identification. In most cases we can consult the list of specialists who offer this service in the database of the municipal website itself.

In the veterinarian’s office you will be given the corresponding vaccines depending on the age of the puppy, the breed and the Autonomous Community, as well as the anti-parasites treatments you need. All this information will be reflected in the corresponding primer, which will have to be presented at the City Hall.

Identification with microchip or Dog ID

If our puppy is considered potentially dangerous, in addition to the microchip, we will have to apply for a special license and have liability insurance.It is important that we consult with the local administration the requirements that we must follow to comply with the current legality.

Census inscription

We will then have to electronically identify our animal using an approved microchip or dog ID. This step is necessary to be able to have dogs and cats as pets, but also in the case of exotic pets. The implantation of the microchip, which is placed on the left side of the animal’s neck, under the skin, is painless and free of risks. The microchip contains a code number linked to the owner’s data. Therefore, this information is essential to be able to locate and identify it in case of loss. Most US pets use only ID on necklace.

Registration in the census of the City Council or community most be mandatory and is the next step. This register some times is free and allows the correct identification of our pet, whose information will be included in a database that we will have to keep updated in Case of loss or death of the animal.We will have to carry the veterinary book, the registration document of the census and a photocopy of our ID.

In many cities, municipal regulations oblige the owner of the animal to always carry the census data, so we will have to consult in our City Council the obligations we have as pet owners.

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Old dog Golden Retriever with Arthritis

Arthritis in Dogs: How to Help Soothe Your Dog’s Pain

Arthritis in Dogs: How to Help Soothe Your Dog’s Pain

Arthritis in dogs is, unfortunately, a common condition, just as it is with humans. Although our four-legged friends can’t tell us that they’re suffering, it is usually easy to spot a dog experiencing the pain and stiffness that typically signal arthritis. But what actually is arthritis, what causes it, and how can we treat it?

Read on to find out all about this painful condition and how it affects our canine companions.

Arthritis_in_dogs

A Dog in Pain: What is Arthritis in Dogs?

 

Arthritis simply means “inflammation of the joints”. There are a number of different kinds of arthritis, which have different causes.

In healthy joints, the area where the bones meet is covered in a thin layer of smooth cartilage that is lubricated by joint fluid, known as synovial fluid. This combination allows the bones to glide together smoothly and without friction. Think of it like a well-oiled piece of machinery.

However, in joints affected by arthritis, the cartilage breaks down, becoming thin or damaged. As a result, the bones begin to rub together, both causing discomfort and exacerbating the break-down of the cartilage. This is like a piece of machinery that is rusty and needs oiling, so the different parts rub together with a screech.

Dog Hip Pain and General Dog Joint Pain

Arthritis is a very painful condition, and can significantly reduce your dog’s quality of life, especially if it is left unmanaged. It causes mild to severe joint pain, as well as inflammation and reduced movement.

dog lateral view with red highlight in hip and knee joint pain areas

What does Severe Arthritis look like?

In more severe cases of arthritis, new bone can begin to form around the joint, inhibiting movement and adding further pain. In some very severe cases, dogs can even lose the ability to walk. Severe arthritis in dogs is usually treated with joint surgery, when possible.

The Main Areas Where Dogs Get Arthritis

The most common areas for dogs to get arthritis are the hips and elbows. Some dogs will also get it in their ankle joints.

The Importance of Joint Health for Dogs

Although older dogs are more likely to suffer from arthritis, and some breeds are more prone to it than others, it’s never too early to start promoting good joint health for your dog.

A healthy and balanced diet, maintaining an ideal weight, and frequent, breed-appropriate exercise all help to keep your dog’s joints healthy. Some owners also opt to feed their dogs joint-health supplements—more on them below.

 

Joint Health for dogs with Arthritis

The Process of Aging: Causes of Dog Arthritis

As in humans, arthritis is most common in older dogs, and is just a result of growing older. However, it can also be seen in younger dogs, usually in connection with another condition or an injury. Ligament damage, for example, can alter the way a dog moves that joint, resulting in abnormal joint movement and eventually arthritis.

For this reason, it is important to consult your veterinarian if you think your pet has been injured, or if you notice it walking, running, or standing differently from normal.

Osteoarthritis in Dogs

The most well-known type of arthritis in dogs is osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease (DJD). “Osteo” means related to bones, and osteoarthritis is a progressive, long-term deterioration of the bone cartilage, resulting in pain and inflammation.

In many cases, the causes of osteoarthritis are unknown; this is called primary degenerative joint disease. In some cases, there can be known contributing factors, in which case it is known as secondary degenerative joint disease.

These factors can include trauma, hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, abnormal development of the joints, genetic conditions, obesity, prolonged steroid use, and diabetes. 

Septic Arthritis in Dogs

Septic arthritis in dogs is caused by a bacterial or fungal infection of the joint fluid. In most cases, septic arthritis will only affect one of the dog’s joints, though the infection can spread to other joints. This type of arthritis is most common in middle-aged dogs of 4 to 7 years and is especially seen in Labradors, Dobermans, and German Shepherds.

Immune-Mediated Polyarthritis in Dogs

Immune-Mediated Polyarthritis (IMPA) occurs when the body’s own immune system begins to attack the body, and specifically the joints. There are two kinds of immune-mediated polyarthritis: erosive and non-erosive.

Erosive Immune-Mediated Polyarthritis in Dogs

Erosive immune-mediated polyarthritis means there is a break-down of the joint’s bone and cartilage. This kind of polyarthritis is relatively rare, though it is more commonly seen in young Greyhounds.

Non-Erosive Immune-Mediated Polyarthritis in Dogs

With non-erosive immune-mediated polyarthritis, there is no break-down of bone and cartilage. This is the less serious type, and luckily the more common of the two.

Rheumatoid arthritis in dogs

Rheumatoid arthritis is another name for erosive immune-mediated arthritis.

The Old Dog Arthritis

As dogs get older, they are more likely to develop arthritis, due to wear and tear on the body and the body’s diminishing ability to repair itself. Studies have shown that some 90% of older dogs (over eight years) will develop osteoarthritis in at least one joint.

Old dog Golden Retriever with Arthritis

BE AWARE OF THE SYMPTOMS

The symptoms of arthritis in dogs will differ slightly depending on what sort of arthritis they have, though there are certain common symptoms. Look out for stiffness, especially after exercise or during cold weather. Joints might be swollen, or noticeably deformed. Your pet might be walking differently, or be limping.

In cases of septic arthritis or immune-mediated polyarthritis, you may also notice secondary symptoms of illness, including lethargy, fever, loss of appetite, and weight loss.

How to Treat Arthritis in Dogs

The treatment of arthritis depends on which sort of arthritis your pet has. For this reason, a definitive diagnosis is first critical to beginning the right course of treatment. With septic arthritis, it is a case of treating the underlying infection, typically with a course of antibiotics. Sometimes surgery is required to clean and flush the joint.

With osteoarthritis and immune-mediated polyarthritis, however, it is more a case of prevention, managing the symptoms, and reducing the progress, rather than treating the condition. There are a number of diet and lifestyle changes that can help with all of these things, in addition to medications and pain relief.

In cases of severe arthritis in dogs, sometimes veterinarians will recommend surgery to remove build-ups of bone growth, or even replace the joint.

Over the counter anti-inflammatory for dogs

The most common types of anti-inflammatory medications that vets recommend for canine arthritis are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), as steroids can exacerbate the condition. However, the majority of these are only available with a prescription.

The exception is aspirin, which some vets will recommend for short-term use. You should only give your dog aspirin if told to do so by your vet, however.

Dog Joint Supplements

In addition to prescription medication, many owners of arthritic dogs swear by lifestyle and diet changes, as well as holistic medicine and supplements. These can also be combined with NSAIDs to treat the various symptoms of arthritis. Read on to learn all about the various kinds of supplements that could help manage arthritis in dogs.

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Senior dog arthritis symptoms

Arthritis in Senior Dogs — Signs and Treatment

Arthritis in SENIOR DogS
Signs and Treatment

You might have noticed your older dog slowing down in recent years. Maybe he is playing less and sleeping more. Although this might seem normal for an aging canine, arthritis could be to blame.

What Is Arthritis?

There are several different types of arthritis that can affect dogs, but the most common is osteoarthritis — also known as degenerative joint disease. This condition can affect up to one out of five adult dogs. Aging is a definite contributor to the development of osteoarthritis, but there are other factors as well, such as old injuries, metabolic disorders, like diabetes, and obesity. As dogs age, the cartilage in their joints begins to thin. This cartilage serves to cushion and protect the bones in the joint, and if it thins too much, the bones can rub against each other and break down. The resulting friction causes pain and loss of mobility. Inflammation in the joint capsule can also lead to the development of extra bony growths, known as spurs. Any joint in your dog’s body can be affected by osteoarthritis, but the most common locations are the hips, elbows, knees, wrists, shoulders, ankles, and lower back.

Senior Labrador over grass

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis in Dogs ?

Osteoarthritis can be hard to detect in its early stages. It is not until the joint is badly damaged and the bone surfaces are wearing away that outward symptoms can often be seen. In addition, dogs tend to mask their pain. If your canine companion exhibits any of the signs below, he may be suffering from osteoarthritis and dealing with some degree of discomfort:

  • Avoids exercise like running or is reluctant to go up stairs
  • Doesn’t play as much as he used to
  • Is lethargic, tires easily, and sleeps more
  • Has problems jumping; for example, struggles to get on the couch or into the car
  • Is stiff, limp, or has difficulty moving
  • Has gained weight or experienced changes in appetite
  • Gets irritated when petted or touched
  • Exhibits changes in personality, like depression or grouchiness
  • Has accidents in the house
Senior dog arthritis symptoms

Arthritis may not be the only cause of these symptoms, so it is imperative that you take your dog to the veterinarian for a thorough examination. X-rays are the best way to diagnose osteoarthritis. Your vet will want to know about your dog’s recent behavior, and she may manipulate his joints to listen and feel for any crackling or grating. Stiffness when your dog walks around the exam room or loss of muscle mass may also indicate osteoarthritis.

Treatment for Arthritis in Dogs?

Many of the same treatments available for people suffering from osteoarthritis are also available for dogs. The goal of treatment is to control a dog’s pain level and increase his movement and function. If possible, attempts should be made to slow down the degeneration of the joint and repair cartilage.

There are many medications your vet might suggest, including pain relievers such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) like Rimadyl. These reduce inflammation in the joint, resulting in less pain. However, NSAIDS can have side effects that impact the liver and kidneys, so it’s important that your vet run a blood test to check that these organs aren’t compromised before writing a prescription.

Cortisone or steroids can also be used to combat inflammation, but long-term use can lead to serious side effects. Another category of supplements is chondroprotectants, such as Chondropaw. These supplement inhibit the enzymes that contribute to cartilage breakdown, protecting the cartilage as it tries to repair itself. It’s important to note that many drugs meant for humans can be toxic to dogs, so never treat your pet with medication from the pain relief aisle in a drugstore without first consulting your veterinarian. Surgery is another option for dogs in serious pain or with severe joint damage. This can range from cleaning out debris inside the joint to replacing the joint with an artificial one.

How are dogs diagnosed with arthritis?

If your vet sees signs your dog is suffering, they can sometimes tell which joints are affected by any pain and/or discomfort by examination, including joint flexion and extension. But to investigate properly they usually suggest further tests (e.g. x-rays), which help will help locate and conmfirm arthritic change, and sometimes identify any underlying causes also.

Occasionally (in the case of suspected joint infection, for example) your vet may recommend a small sample of fluid is taken from inside the joint and, in some cases, blood samples may be required to rule out any medical conditions associated with arthritis.

What possible medications are available?

An important treatment for all arthritic dogs is appropriate exercise and weight management. Excess pounds put more stress on joints, so keeping your dog at a healthy weight will aid in mobility and pain management, as well as minimize further damage. Products like ramps, stairs, or a lift harness can also help. Proper exercise keeps the joints supple and the muscles around the damaged joint in good condition. Canine physiotherapy is another great option, so consider asking your veterinarian about certified canine rehabilitation therapists in your area.

Finally, there are many complementary therapies available, from acupuncture to herbal remedies. Even your choice of dog food can have an impact on your arthritic dog’s quality of life. Look for joint health or senior formulas with additives, such as glucosamine and chondroitin, the omega-3 fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and antioxidants like vitamin E. These may help reduce inflammation in your dog’s joints, minimize damage to cartilage, and ease symptoms of arthritis. However, as with any supplement or alternative therapy, look for treatments backed by scientific research and consult your veterinarian before starting something new.

Alleviates dog pain and suffering

Why are Joint Supplements Important for your Dog?

Why Are Joint Supplements Like Chondropaw Important for your Dog?

Your dog having joint problems is not that different from you having arthritis or joint pain or swelling. You can barely move as each attempt to move a limb pulling on a 5-ton vehicle. it also gets worse during cold weather as the muscles tend to pull on the different structures that connect it to the joints, leading to increased swelling and pain. These physiologic responses are the same with dogs.

Typically, a pet dog who has joint problems will often display the following manifestations:

 – Highly irritable especially when made to move from a particular spot

 – Difficulty sitting up from a lying position or standing up from a sitting position

 – Purposely slower movements of the limbs

 – Incessant licking of the joints

 – Hesitates to move either to walk or to run or even avoids it entirely

 – Whines or cries even though there are no apparent reason

 – Stays in its kennel, create, or dog bed for unusually longer periods of time

 – May not eat or drink unless its food and water bowls are brought closer

 – Struggles climbing up and down stairs or avoids doing so

 – Limps while walking sans any valid reason

 – Behaves in a manner that is grossly different from past behavior

There are just some of the possible signs that your dog may already be suffering from joint problems. A trip to your veterinarian can help establish your suspicions with absolute certainty. Your dog will also be provided with a variety of treatments to help alleviate the symptoms as well as possibly reverse the progression of the condition. In many cases, you will be given a joint supplement which you will administer to your pet. But why are joint supplements important for your dog?

Alleviates pain and suffering

Just like us, when our pets are in pain they get grumpy, agitated, irritable, and aggressive. They may not feed, refuse to play, or even go out for a walk simply because their focus is on the pain experience. Inadvertently, they may begin showing signs of deteriorating health. Many supplements for dog joint contain ingredients that have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. These can help reduce the inflammation which is technically the primary source of the pain. This way your pet can be really free from pain and suffering, allowing it to enjoy its being.

Alleviates dog pain and suffering

Improve quality of life

As already presented above, the severity and magnitude of pain can have an impact in many aspects of a creature’s existence. Not only are they physically affected, their social and emotional wellbeing are also damaged. Dogs are very social animals, everyone knows that by now. If they are unable to join their masters and their children during family outings and activities, they will feel depressed and lonely, too. This can lead to a host of canine behavioral issues that may require professional help. That is why alleviating pain and suffering and improving overall physical mobility can help improve the quality of life or our dogs with joint problems. The best dog vitamins for joint health can thus, help.

Enhances overall mobility

One of the most important reasons why dogs need joint supplement like Chondropaw is to enhance their overall mobility. Your pet is not Garfield who loves to lie and sleep around all day long. They need plenty of exercise and play, lest they develop canine behavioral problems. And since they essentially have 4 legs to move about, a problem in any one of these can significantly impair their mobility. You don’t want this to happen, do you? Besides, a dog without play is a dog that is dull and quite unsocial.

Facilitates positive canine behavior

Like we said, a mobile dog is a happy dog. If your pet is able to exercise, it is able to dispense of all that energy inside it. This leads to significantly more positive canine behavior. Your pet is a lot easier to train and will obey most of your commands. It really becomes a little bundle of joy for the whole family.

owner dog relationship

Strengthens owner-dog relationship

Giving your pet the best supplements for dog joint like Chondropaw essentially tells your pet that you care so much for its well-being. This endears you more to your canine friend, further strengthening the relationship that you have. For many, the loyalty of a dog is simply incomparable. No human being can ever replicate or even match the tenacious dedication, loyalty, and commitment of a pet dog to its master.

Conclusion

Canine joint problems are a great concern for many dog owners as it affects their pet’s level of comfort and mobility and significantly impairs their ability to bond and socialize with their masters and other dogs. Giving them the right joint supplement should help prevent the rapid deterioration of their articular health while promoting Optimum mobility and overall quality of canine life.

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