German Shepherd, Characteristics of a Great Dog

HISTORY OF THE RACE: The German Shepherd Dog is the largest breed in the world and has its origins in the breeding program that Max Von Stephanitz started at the end of the last century. Using long- haired, short-haired dogs and hard hair from Wurtenberg, Thuringia and Bavaria, Von Stephanitz and other dedicated breeders, they created the elegant, enthusiastic, obedient and handsome German Shepherd Dog. Until 1915, both the long hair variety and the hard hair variety were exposed. Currently, in many countries, only the short-haired variety is recognized for exhibition competitions.

At rest, the dog gives the impression of strength, vigilance, and vigor.
The legs are straight, the elbows are not too close to the body.

The Roman historian Tacitus wrote about “the dog resembling the wolf of the country around the Rhine”. The German Shepherd Dog and it’s Dutch and Belgian close relatives may have existed in their present form for thousands of years.

When the First World War began, the German Shepherd Dog was popular throughout Germany and quickly spread to other parts of the world. This breed was used as a tracking dog during World War II by the German army and police. In fact, the services rendered during the two world wars earned him a universal respect and admiration.

Unfortunately, indiscriminate breeding has caused both physical and behavioral problems. Significant Joint Arthritis and gastrointestinal diseases. Other equally common medical problems are nervousness, shyness in aggressiveness towards other dogs and as a consequence, the quality of each of these dogs varies quite considerably.

The muscles of the thighs are strong and muscular, with the bones of the legs slightly flexed.

However, if it is carefully reared, it is an excellent breed, quiet, reliable and obedient Colors and lengths of fur.

Black and fire, black and gray and black only, are acceptable colors for exhibitions. Yellow, cream and white are not acceptable in most countries, although all these varieties are still produced routinely.

The nose is half as long as the head.
Pointed ears are tall, erect and able to turn sideways.


This breed is often used as a working dog, German Shepherds are brave, enthusiastic, always alert and never afraid. Cheerful and obedient and always eager to learn, these dogs are calm, self-confident and intelligent. The German Shepherd is an extremely faithful and brave dog, you will not think twice before giving your life for your family. They also have a high learning ability.

They love being close to their family, although they may be somewhat distrustful of strangers, it is a race that needs to be close to their people and should not be left alone for long periods of time.

German shepherd

They only bark when necessary, they are often used as police dogs since the German shepherd has a very strong protective instinct and is very loyal to its owner. It is important to socialize the breed from the puppies stage when aggressions and attacks on people happen, are due to bad education and poor training by the owners.

As almost always the problems arise when the owner allows the dog to be the leader of the herd and is a ladder above the human beings and besides this it does not allow him to do the exercise as much mental as physical in a calm atmosphere and of a Firm, consistent and confident manner. A stable German Shepherd, well balanced and educated will always be good with other pets and an excellent dog to be with the children of the household.

We must always train him steadfastly in obedience since he is a puppy, if the owners are passive, hesitant and frightened, German shepherds may become prone to bite and over-develop their instinct for protection. That is why they must be well trained and socialized from a very early age.

A German Shepherd will not make us any case if he has the feeling that he is stronger than us, but they are dogs, however, he does not respond very well if the discipline to which we subject them is too hard, this behavior of superiority by part Of the owner must be natural, and not treat the dog as if it were a person. We must learn and study the canine instincts and treat the dog accordingly.

The German shepherd is one of the most intelligent and most able races, is a great working dog that needs a place to channel all his energy, both mental and physical through exercise.

Being very intelligent and able to learn easily, it has been used as a sheepdog, guards dog, police dog, guides dog for the blind, for search, rescue and as an army dog. The German shepherd also excels in many other disciplines, such as tracking. Obedience, agility and many other activities.

The chest is deep and the abdomen is only moderately raised.

It’s great to smell allows it to track drugs, intruders, it can even alert the army of underground mines before they detonate or a gas leak in the pipeline up to 15 m underground.

In addition, aesthetically, the German shepherd is a spectacular dog and has the character to be a good family companion.


The body of the German Sheepdog is very well proportioned, it is a strong dog, with a strong, muscular body, slightly elongated and with a very solid bone structure. The head should be proportioned to the body and the forehead a little more rounded.

The nose is usually black, however, it may also be blue or liver colored, but it is considered as missing and can not occur in positions. The jaw has a strong scissor bite. The eyes are almond-colored and never protrude. The ears are wide at the base and upright. Puppies’ ears that are less than six months old may tilt slightly.

The tail with a thick coat reaches below the hocks and hangs to one side when the dog is resting. Both the front legs and the shoulders are very muscular and the muscled thighs are strong and strong bones. The round feet have very hard pads. There are three different varieties of German Shepherd, the double layer, the long-haired and one intermediate, called plush coat,

The most common are that the coat is a mixture of black with cinnamon, steel colored or black. But it can also be bluish white and liver colored, but these colors are considered as faults and can not present in most exposures. Dogs that are totally white are usually recognized by some clubs as a separate breed and are called American white shepherd.

The length of the back is greater than the raised, the tail reaches below the hocks.


Indiscriminate breeding of the breed has led to hereditary diseases such as hip and elbow dysplasia, as well as some blood problems, epilepsy, eczemas, keratosis (inflammation of the cornea), dwarfism and flea allergy. Many German shepherds are delicate stomachs, it is advisable to give them a good feed. You can consult here our guide to buying dog food

Some are also prone to spleen tumors, degenerative myelitis, endocrine pancreatitis insufficiency, perianal fistulas, and von Willebrand disease.


Like most dogs, the German shepherd will be fine if we live in a flat provided we exercise outside enough when they are indoors a house are fairly quiet, although it will be better if we have a good large patio.


These German shepherds love the activity, preferably if it is accompanied by some type of training since it is a very intelligent race and likes the good challenges. That’s why they need daily activity, a light stroll, a long walk, jogging or with us jogging or cycling.

When we take the dog out for a walk he must always go to our side or behind us, we must not allow the dog’s head to guide us because he will believe that he is the leader and that he has the power over us.

Most German shepherds love to play with a ball. Spending 10 or 15 minutes throwing things to fetch them will make you tired and be playing well will also have a purpose for running. Whether it is to run a ball or catch a Frisbey, obedience training and participation in canine games should always be practiced in a constructive way, ie the dog needs to learn something and feel that exercise for something, the Shepherd German will always feel happier if he has something to do.

Hair is longer and more abundant in the tail than anywhere else.


It is necessary to be realistic, the German Shepherd loses hair constantly and when it changes even more. We will have to brush it daily if we do not want to have hair all over the house. You only have to bathe when strictly necessary, during the bath, you can cause some irritation in the skin, as we remove the natural oils from your skin.

We must often check the ears and cut the nails with assiduity.


German shepherd dogs give birth to large layers. Their adult behavior depends on the genes they inherit, how they are treated by the mother and by the people, and by any other experience they may have.


Country of origin: Germany.

Origins: 19th century.

First role: shepherd.

Works current: company, security, and assistance.

Life expectancy: 12-13 years

Other names: Deutscher Schaferhund

Weight: 34-43 kg.

Height: 55-66 cm

German Sheperd Puppy