With the arrival of summer also appear the feared parasites, and although we must not lower the guard throughout the year, is in this time where the maximum proliferation takes place and it is essential to protect our dog against risks to his health.
THE MAIN PARASITES AND THE RISKS FOR YOUR DOG
There are different types of parasites, many of them may suppose to a greater or lesser extent, a threat to our dog’s health from skin irritations to the development of serious diseases. We will know the most common and the best way to combat or prevent them.
What is a phlebotomist?
The phlebotomine is a small fly transmitter of the parasite of the leishmania. The sting of a phlebotomist carrying leishmania could develop in our dog the dreaded leishmaniasis.
What is canine leishmaniasis?
Leishmaniasis is a very serious disease that could lead to the death of our pet.
These are the main symptoms:
- Loss of hair
- Formation of ulcers at the edge of the ears or between the toes of the legs
- Abnormal growth of the nails
- Appearance of blood in urine or nasal mucous
- Affection on internal organs such as the kidney
What is a flea?
The flea is a millimeter parasite, so its presence usually passes us unnoticed.
Why are dogs a threat to fleas?
Because flea bites can cause discomfort to the skin like itching or irritation and transmit these serious diseases:
- Allergic Flea Bite Dermatitis (DAPP): Flea saliva can cause a severe, very irritating allergic reaction.
- Teniasis: the fleas can be hosts of an intestinal tapeworm. Dogs, when licking, can ingest infested fleas, so the parasite is released in their intestines.
Other serious diseases that can be transmitted are bartonellosis or dipylidiosis, among many others.
What is a tick?
The tick is the parasite that most diseases transmit. It needs blood to feed so it is strongly anchored in the animal’s skin. It is at that moment that the contagion of the parasites that it houses can occur.
How can tick affect my dog’s health?
During its development, the amount of blood a tick needs to feed can produce anemia in the animal when the infestation is intense. Ticks prefer thin-skinned areas of the body and good irrigation (ears, nape, between the toes of the legs, around the eyes) and adhere to them strongly. If a tick is pulled from the dog incorrectly, its mouthpiece remains buried in the skin, which can lead to injury and infection.
These are the most serious diseases that can spread:
- Babesiosis : This disease destroys the red blood cells causing severe anemia.
- Ehrlichiosis: is a condition that can cause severe bleeding, extreme thinning, anemia, and even blindness or neurological complications.
- Borreliosis or Lyme disease: this bacterium spreads throughout the body and mainly affects the joints, and may cause chronic lameness in the dog.
What is a mosquito?
The mosquito is an insect well known to all of us. The bite of a mosquito can affect the dog and can infect very dangerous diseases such as filariasis.
What is filariasis?
It is a cardiopulmonary disease that is transmitted by the bite of the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Culex pipiens, infected with the parasite Dirofilaria, commonly called “heartworm”. This parasite becomes the organism of the dog until it becomes a worm and is installed in the heart and large blood vessels.
Filariasis can cause in our dog:
- Respiratory distress
- Nose bleeds
- Severe fatigue
- Cardiac arrest in more severe cases
How to combat or prevent these parasites?
Fortunately, we have within our reach very easy to use external parasites that offer protection to our dog like the Virbac Effitix pipettes, capable of eliminating and repelling the main parasites. Effitix contains fipronil and permethrin, two active principles that act as a shield that surrounds the animal, eliminating ticks and fleas while repelling mosquitoes and phlebotomines. With an Effitix pipette, our dog will be protected for four weeks.
Against which parasites does Effitix protect?
- Fleas: Prevent infestation and possible diseases.
- Ticks: Protects against major tick species.
- Phlebotomines: Repels these small flies vectors of leishmaniosis.
- Mosquitoes: Repels the Aedes and Culex families, vectors of the filariasis.
Features of Effitix
- External antiparasitic in pipettes.
- Application once every four weeks as protection against fleas, ticks, mosquitoes and phlebotomines.
- 5 different presentations depending on the weight and size of the animal, from 1.5 kg to 60 kg.
- It can be used in puppies from 12 weeks of age and weighing at least 1.5 kg.