The dog with Osteoarthritis
What is Canine Osteoarthritis?
Canine osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease in dogs, mainly affecting middle and advanced age dogs.
It is estimated that 1 in 5 dogs suffer from this pathology, approximately 45% of these are large dogs.It is a complex and progressive disease that causes a degeneration in the articular cartilage (essential to avoid friction between the two bone ends of the joint) and the formation of new bone tissue in the joint margins which can cause severe pain.
What causes osteoarthritis in dogs?
Osteoarthritis is usually due to a secondary cause such as trauma, inflammation, obesity, or severe and excessive exercise. However, some breeds such as the German shepherd or the labrador retriever have a genetic predisposition.
Symptoms of canine osteoarthritis:
The symptoms of osteoarthritis in dogs are diverse and our pets will manifest one or several symptoms depending on the degree of advancement of the disease, which can range from mild to severe.
Osteoarthritis can be manifested by the following symptoms and signs:
• The dog hides
• Grunts and groans
• The dog does not move
• Aggressiveness if you want to touch the affected area
• Blushing after exercise
• Difficulty waking up
• Difficulty moving
• Loss of appetite
If we notice any of these symptoms in our dog we must go to the veterinarian right-a-way to evaluate the situation to find out the appropriate treatment. If the diagnosis is Osteoarthritis after the doctor uses an exhaustive physical examination which could include using imaging and radiographs to diagnose your pets condition approriate treatment will follow.
More Symptoms of Osteoarthritis in dogs :
• The dog gets tired more often during walks and even comes to a standstill.
• He has difficulty getting up or lying down, and may even complain slightly.
• Some range of motions may invoke a scream from pain.
• The pet limps or becomes very stiff.
• It is very difficult to go up or down stairs.
• Lose of mobility.
Recommendations for new habits to reduce the pain and alleviate immobility in your dog’s joints are:
• Reduce the daily amount of food. You have to try to reduce weight in your dog, in this way his body will be more agile to deal with inflamed joints.
• Short and very slow walks, without hurry, but it is essential that it be daily. It is very good to keep your pet moving. You must be very strict in the duration, frequency and intensity of the walk. It should always be the same, even if you see your dog doing better, do not increase the intensity or frequency or duration of the walk because you could worsen his condition.
• Swimming is the ideal exercise: Helping your dog to swim will relax their joints and muscles and give you a little exercise to keep you fit.
• Avoid jerking: do not induce him to jump, run or get up quickly.
And remember, any signs or symptoms of illness that you observe in your dog, do not hesitate with a trip to the veterinarian. It’s better to prevent than try to cure.
Committing to the great responsibility of having a dog in our home will undoubtedly bring significant benefits to us. Most importantly that strong emotional bond between the owner and the pet.
Throughout the life of our dog we will observe many changes that occur as the physiological and normal process of aging advances, one of the anatomical structures that can suffer with the passage of years is the apparatus locomotor.
In this article we talk about the symptoms and treatment of Osteoarthritis in dogs, the most common joint disease that pets suffer.
This article is purely informative, we do not have the power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case you see symptoms in your pet.
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